Acne is a most common problem but usually treatable. You may take several months or years to get rid of it. Acne ought to be treated early to prevent for scarring. Even if the spots are gone, you may require to do maintenance treatment for few years to keep the spots away.
For proper treatment of Acne, you need to consult good skin specialist. In India you will find good skin specialist in Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore, Chennai, Pune and Ahemdabad etc, which offers best quality treatment at affordable rate.
What is acne/pimple and who can get it?
Acne usually causes spots. Acne/pimple mostly happens to people aged between 12 and 25. Boys get more affected as compared to girls. Pimples usually affects the face, shoulders, back, neck and chest. The level can range from mild to severe. Almost 8 out of 10 teenagers experience some degree of acne. Mostly it is mild. However, around 3 out of 10 teenagers have acne so bad that they need to do treatment to prevent scarring. Untreated acne mostly lasts for 4-5 years before settling. In some cases it can last for many years.
Understanding the skin:-
There are sebaceous glands on the skin, these glands make the oil (sebum) that keeps the skin moist and smooth. Tiny pores on the skin allow the sebum to come up and spread on to the skin. Hairs also grow through these pores. During the teenage, you make much more sebum than when you were a child. This is due to the hormonal changes of puberty which stimulate the sebaceous glands. As a rule, the more sebum that you make, the oily your skin feels and the worse acne is likely to happen. Production of sebum differs from person to person.
Levels of Acne/pimples:-
Some pores become blocked. It happens because of the skin at the top of the pores becomes thicker, combined with dead skin cells that are shed into the pores. You will notice the plugs that block the top of the pores as tiny spots known as blackheads and whiteheads. Note: The blackheads is due to skin pigment and it is not as dirty as some people think. In many cases, pimples does not progress beyond this initial level.
Moderate to severe level-
Trapped sebum is best for the germs (bacterium) called Propionibacterium. Small quantity of this bacteria normally lives on the skin but they don’t harm. However, if a large quantity develop in the trapped sebum, the immune system may get affected. If inflammation develops, it will make the surrounding skin to become red and the spots will become larger and will be filled with pus (pustules). In some cases the pustules become even bigger and turns into small nodules and cysts.
Each affected spot will heal eventually. In few cases, the portion of skin that was affected remains discoloured for few months after the inflammation has gone. This is mostly noticeable in dark skinned people. A small pitted scar is usually left on the skin where there was an acne spot. These small scars mostly do not fade fully.
The information above is the cause in almost all cases of acne. Very rarely, certain diseases in girls and women may give rise to acne. These conditions gives rise to other symptoms in addition to acne, such as thinning of scalp hair or hair fall, excess growth of facial or body hair (hirsutism) and some other problems. Another reason of acne is exposure to pollution that occur in some workplaces (halogenated hydrocarbons).
Some myths and wrong beliefs about acne:
- Poor hygiene doesn’t cause acne.
- Stress is not a reason for acne.
- Acne is a very serious infection. The cause is a changes in hormones, sebum, overgrowth of harmless germs (bacteria), etc.
- It is not a contagious disease.
- Drinking lots of water is not solution for acne.
- There is no proof to say that sunbathing will help to cure acne.
- Some people think that acne cannot be cured by medical treatment. It’s not true. Treatments mostly work well if done on time.
Remedies for people with acne:
- Do not wash your face more than normal. Thrice a day is enough for most people. Mild soap and lukewarm water is best for washing. Too much hot or too much cold water may worsen acne. Do not scrub hard on acne-affected portion. Do not use strong soaps, cleansing creams, astringents etc. Use a soft cotton cloth to wipe your face. Excess washing and scrubbing can increase inflammation and can make acne worse.
- Antiseptic or anti oxidant creams may be beneficial.
- Few acne treatments described below may end up in drying of the skin.
What are the remedies and options for acne?
The aim of treatment is to get rid of spots as much as possible and get prevented from scarring. There are many types of treatments that work in differently. A doctor or skin specialist will advise and the treatment they advise will mostly depend on the level and condition of your acne. Treatments can be those that you apply to the skin directly or consume tablets and medicines.
Simple and cheap way is to have lots of water. In a day at least 5 litres of water should be consumed even though you are not thirsty. Avoiding oily food or junk food is also a good way to avoid acne. Green tea is recommended by many doctors as it helps to increase your metabolism and it also has anti oxidants which protects from acne.
Having fruits in your breakfast will not only help you in getting rid of acne but also help to make your skin glow.